In 1907, less than a year after the arrival of the first 15 sakadas (contract workers), 20 Filipinas (women) arrived in Hawaii. Thirty-nine years later, following the 1946 sakada recruitment by Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association (HSPA), approximately 18,500 Filipinas were living on six of the eight major Hawaiian Islands.

Despite this relatively large and fast growing population of plantation era Filipinas, comparatively little information about them extended beyond statistics and beyond their primary family circle, plantation camps, and close knit communities. Males were the focus group for information gathering on Filipinos during the plantation era while information on Filipinas–a prime source of strength and life changing human interests stories–was overlooked and excluded.

Who were these women and what life changing stories were they involved in?

 

 

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